HIV Prevention, Awareness and Testing

George Maris,Education,HIV, prevention, AIDS

Teach About Testing

HIV testing has changed in many ways, the conventional method of testing will require some blood to be drawn. The results are usually from 1-2 weeks. You can guess, the anticipation anxieties, as I would like to call it. The rapid HIV antibody test often requires a small amount of blood from the finger, similar to testing for diabetes, a simple prick and it's done. The oral swab just glides above the gum line, and collects oral fluid. In both cases blood and oral a swab is used. put into a solution and results in 20 minutes. These tests are given at the local ASO AIDS Services Organization

What you should know about HIV Testing.

 

Today with all the new medicines available to treat HIV, there are something’s you should know, HIV as complicated as it may seem, is treatable. Most importantly HIV can develop into AIDS if not treated early in its stages. The first step in prevention is to get tested for the HIV antibodies. There is a test it is called, The OraQuick Rapid HIV-1 Antibody Test. It checks for HIV-1, the virus that causes AIDS, in a person’s blood. The test detects antibodies to HIV-1 found in blood specimens obtained by finger stick or venipuncture. As is true of all HIV screening tests, a reactive test result needs to be confirmed by an additional, more specific test.

When testing a finger stick specimen, the fingertip is cleaned with alcohol and pricked with a lancet (needle) to get a small drop of blood. The blood is collected with a specimen loop and transferred to a small plastic vial containing a pre measured volume of developing solution, into which the sample is mixed. The testing process is the same for a whole blood specimen obtained by venipuncture. The specimen loop is inserted into the tube of blood after the tube has been inverted to ensure the blood is well mixed. The loop is then inserted into the test vial. Results of the test can be read in as little as 20 minutes. Although, the OraQuick takes only 20 minutes it is important to know, during this 20 minutes it's important to ask the person administering the test any questions that you may have. There is no question to small. It is important to know the window period of infection. This is the period in time in which a person had engaged in a risk behavior. A person who had come into contact with HIV will not develop antibodies for a period of 3-6 months. This means that if you test negative after having unprotected sex, or other activities before this period you must get tested again. Let's say that John/Mary had unprotected sex with someone and wanted to get tested a month after. He/she gets tested and the test is non reactive( negative) he/she must get tested 2-6 months after to be sure he is not infected.

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